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The most common causes of problems with the speech apparatus
Most children with speech impediments have problems with the functioning of articulatory organs. The key to success is to improve the work of the tongue, lips, cheeks and soft palate. A common cause of speech defects in three and four-year-old children are bad habits related to breathing and swallowing. Sometimes we encounter obstacles in the anatomical structure of a too short tongue knot, an oversized tongue and others.
- the three year old understands what is being said to him,
- fulfills simple commands,
- can introduce himself
- asks questions, but often not precisely,
- should pronounce all sounds - ą can pronounce as om, sz, ż, cz, dz can be pronounced as ś, ź, ć, dż, r as l
It is worth consulting with a speech therapist if a three-year-old speaks the language between his teeth, if he changes sounds in words, for example "tot" instead of "cat" or if he pronounces "j" instead of l in place of "r".
- understands and executes commands,
- communicates efficiently,
- distinguishes and names colors,
- answers the question what he does and why
- uses time terms, sometimes confuses them saying "I will be in the shop yesterday",
- asks a lot of questions,
- should pronounce the sounds s, z, dz hard
- the sounds sz, that can still be pronounced as s, z,
- r can be pronounced as l (the speech engine is usually not yet ready to pronounce r, so do not force your child to speak "correctly" so as not to cause an incorrect "r")
It is worth talking to a speech therapist if the child speaks with the language between the teeth or strangely pronounces "r". A visit is necessary if the child does not speak, is incomprehensible by the environment.
Speech therapy exercises for children of three and four years old
Speech therapy exercises require regularity and time. It's best to do them in front of a mirror, with time you will be able to practice in all conditions. Usually you only need a few minutes a day in the form of fun. When speech problems arise, you should go to a speech therapist who will choose the exercises to suit your child's specific needs.
Here are simple speech therapy games that you can carry out alone with your child:
- breathing in and out of the mouth,
- blowing on paper boats in a bowl of water,
- imitation of animal sounds - the cat mutters "mmmm", the cat yawns (imitation), snake hisses - "ssss", buzzing bee "bzzz", train goes "fufufu".
- learning to lift the tongue to the upper teeth,
- licking the sweet cream from the palate with mouth wide open,
- elevator - with the mouth open, moving the tongue once up and down,
- we put the upper lip on the lower one and vice versa,
- slamming the tongue, imitating munching,
- tongue massage by protruding it through slightly open teeth,
- sticking out lips and putting them in a snout, pulling back into a smile,
- pronouncing alternately a-o,
- pronouncing uuu and then iiii,
- blowing on a pinpong ball,
- protruding lips forward and circling the circles,
- trying to touch the nose, chin, cheeks with your tongue,
- touching the tongue with the lower and upper teeth with the mouth fully open,
- puffing up cheeks
- pulling the cheeks
- alternating bloating and pulling in the cheeks.
Attention, all exercises they should be in the form of fun! Never for more than a few minutes (5-10), they should be woven naturally to the rhythm of the day, without paying too much attention to them, avoiding pressure and nervousness. This is very important, not to discourage the child and not to code the message that he speaks poorly. If this happens, we will get the opposite effect!
Playing alone with your child cannot replace a visit to a speech therapist. Their purpose is different: preventive action. If the child has a speech impediment, the specialist will show the parent how to work with the child at home.