Studies show that seven out of a hundred children have specific problems with speech development disorders, i.e. SLI (from Specific Language Impairment). This is how speech delay is determined in children who, apart from speech problems, hear well, understand, are not autistic, or do not have neurological disorders. Half of the 7% of children catch up and catch up with their peers over time. The remaining children, despite completing the backlog, stand out from their peers, many of them are diagnosed with dyslexia. To date, specialists are unable to distinguish one group from another. Therefore, if you notice delays, it is better to treat them in advance by choosing a specialist so as not to aggravate the problem.
Exercise of the speech apparatus
Before the child begins to speak, he must acquire many skills. Already for births is practicing his speech apparatus. It all starts with crying. Over time, after practicing inspiration and exhalation, he can surprise his parents with a nice sound to the ear, and then a fool. In the second half of the year, the child begins to babble, i.e. consciously repeats the heard syllables clusters.
The first year of life is sometimes called a melody when the child becomes familiar with the first sounds and words.
The second year of a child's life is a time of learning new words, a time when a child learns new words intensively.
On the other hand, the child's third year (the period between the second and third year of life) is referred to as the time of sentences when the child learns to build more complex structures called sentences.
Remember: speech development is an individual matter. Genetically conditioned and may not be the same for every child. The child's speech reflects the toddler's personality and the environment in which he or she lives, contacts with the environment. However, if the child deviates from peers in this respect, there is nothing to wait for: it is worth for your own peace and confidence that the case is not neglected, contact a specialist.
Understanding precedes talking
One principle that understanding precedes speaking is very important in speech development. This means that the child understands what to talk to before he or she starts talking. Most often, basic messages are already understood by an infant in the second half of life. The first words usually appear around the age of one.
The first words do not have to sound like adult words, and usually they are not. They are considered the beginning of active speech, because the child always refers to the object / activity in the same way. The words are based on onomatopoeias (hau, bam, meow) and they are simple monosyllabs.
What sounds is the child saying in the second year of life?
The two-year-old should pronounce: