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The fastest up to 3 years of age and later during puberty
- In the first year of life, the child grows up about 25 cm.
- In the second year of life, the child grows up about 13 cm.
- In the third year of life, the child grows up on average about 9 cm.
- In subsequent years, children grow at an individual pace, an average of 5 cm per year.
Before the 4th birthday, the body length of most children should be twice as large as on the day of birth.
The growth rate of children up to 3 years old is very fast. It is during this period that parents often fail to keep up with changing clothes for larger ones. Some clothes are not even worn once because they are too small. The smallest children grow at an amazing pace. And at this stage - up to the age of 3, their growth should be dynamic.
After the age of three, this process often slows down a bit and the child grows more slowly. It is during this period between the ages of 3 and 4 that the child's growth path is shaped, dictated by genetics.
The second very noticeable jump occurs most often (though not always) during puberty, when a young person can grow several dozen centimeters in a year or two.
Up to what age are you growing?
Girls are considered to grow up to 18-20 years old, and boys do 21-maximum 25 years old.
What determines the growth rate?
How tall a person will be depends from genes. In other words, growth is recorded in the genetic material provided by parents.
That is why taller parents usually have tall children and lower parents have lower children. In addition, the growing process often looks similar in children as in parents. If the child's parents grew up to 15-16 years of age, it can be expected that the child will have more proper growth during this period. If mom or dad remember a significant leap in the process of growing, it can be expected that a long short child at some point "jumps out" and equals peers.
In the process of growing it is very important:
- balanced, properly composed menu. It is whether the child's diet has everything necessary and whether the final amount of growth hormone and growth factor are released. The daily menu should not lack calcium and vitamins (especially vegetables and fruits). Any digestive problems, food intolerances, allergies can have a negative effect on the absorption of nutrients, which inhibits growth. In addition, other chronic diseases - asthma, kidney disease or frequent infections - can also have a negative impact.
- systematic food - frequent, systematic eating (5 meals a day) promotes growth.
- dream- 80% of growth hormone is secreted between 22 and 24 hours. If the baby goes to bed too late and sleeps too little, it may not grow fast enough. Sleep disturbances between 22 and midnight also negatively affect the growth rate.
- taking care of the correct body weight - malnutrition, i.e. supplying too few calories, can stop the growth process.
- movement - movement is health, the optimal dose of movement and oxygen exercises stimulate the body to grow. However, beware! Too much movement, overtraining the body can cause growth to be inhibited.
- calm - children growing up under high stress, left alone, abandoned and lonely can grow slower and develop less well than peers surrounded by love and enjoying the support of their loved ones.
Very important to systematically measure children. This should be done at least twice a year (preferably more often - every 3 months) to detect irregularities as quickly as possible, including inhibiting the child's growth rate.